BARLEY VARIETIES

BOULDER - “Boulder” is a two-rowed, spring feed barley developed by WestBred, LLC.  from crossing Baronesse onto a composite cross for diverse cytoplasm’s.  This initial composite cross was developed by crossing 400 diverse accessions from the World Collection of Barley’s, as the female parents, with F1 plants that were heterozygous for the male sterile genes, msg1 and/or msg2.  Boulder is a high yielding barley with excellent test weight.  Boulder is approximately one day later than Haxby and one day earlier than Baronesse.  Plant Variety Protection is being applied for.

HARRINGTON - A two-rowed malting barley variety developed by the University of Saskatchewan from the cross of Klages/3/Gazelle/Centennial selection.  It was released through the SeCan Association.  It is susceptible to leaf diseases (net blotch, scald), stem rust, and loose smut.  It has a long, rough awn and a white aleurone.  It has a tendency for kernel skinning unless carefully threshed.  This variety has been accepted for malting by the American Malting Barley Association.

HAXBY - Haxby is a two-rowed feed barley developed by Montana State University and released in 2003.  Haxby is a cross between MT860756 (Gallatin/Bellona) and MT83533 (Clark/Lamont) made in 1990 and tested as MT950186 in Montana trials form 1995-2002.  Test weights for Haxby under dry land and irrigated trials in Montana have been very high.  Yields are equal to Baronesse and Eslick and higher than Gallatin and Valier.  It is later heading than Gallatin but earlier than Baronesse, Eslick, Harrington and Valier.  Haxby is taller than Baronesse, Eslick, and Harrington and similar to Gallatin.  It should be adapted to dry land and higher moisture areas in Montana and the Northern Great Plains.

HAYBET -Haybet is a two-rowed, white-kernelled barley developed and released by USDA-ARS and Montana Agricultural Research Center in 1989.  The initial cross on ‘Betzes*7/’Stripe Tease’ was made in 1960 and hooded progeny were utilized in all backcrosses to Betzes.  Haybet is taller than and similar to Gallatin in maturity.

HAYS - Hays is a two-rowed barley developed by Montana State University and released and in 2003 as hay barley.  Hays is a hooded barley from a cross of Haybet/Baronesse made in 1993.  Hays was tested in grain and forage trials from 1998 to 2004 as MT981060.  Forage yields were similar to Haybet and higher than Westford over 17 forage trials.  Grain yields were higher than Haybet and similar to Harrington while test weights have been similar to Haybet.  Hays is approximately three inches shorter and two days later in heading than Haybet.

HOCKETT - Hockett is a rough-awned two rowed dry land malting barley.  Hockett heads four days earlier than Harrington and retains plump characteristics on dry land much better than Harrington.  While superior to Harrington and AC Metcalfe in yield, Hockett’s best feature is its retention of test weight and lower grain protein percentage under drought.

LAVINA - Lavina is a two-rowed hooded spring barley and is a cross between ‘Haybet’ and ‘Baronesse’.  ‘Haybet’ (P.I.533600) was developed by USDA-ARS and the Montana Experiment Station and was released in April 1989.  ‘Haybet’ is a two-rowed, hooded, white kernelled, spring barley developed as a forage barley and derived from the cross ‘Betzes*7/’strip Tease’.  ‘Baronesse’ is a two-rowed feed barley developed in Germany and marketed by WestBred LLC in the United States.

AC METCALFE - AC Metcalfe is a two-rowed malting barley.  It is the #1 malting barley variety in acres and selection.  AC Metcalfe has excellent malting quality and large plump kernels.  It has been proven to have a higher yield than Harrington.  AC Metcalfe has improved smut and net blotch resistance with a moderate fusarium resistance.  Has a one day later maturing than Harrington.

* Information provided courtesy of Montana State University Agricultural Experiment Station.

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